• Solidago sempervirens - Seaside Goldenrod


    Solidago sempervirens is an herbaceous perennial with dark green foliage and bright yellow flowers. This variety of goldenrod is best in any landscape but shines near the water as it is salt tolerant. The great thing about goldenrods is they are late season bloomers and they are one of the last food sources for bees, bumbles and migrating butterflies. Goldenrods DO NOT cause allergies, you are sneezing because of Ragweed! Go ahead and add it to the garden.


    Family: Asteraceae 

    Water-color sketch of Solidago Sempervirens (1896, Biodiversity Heritage Library)

    Botanical illustration depicting succulent, lance-like (lanceolate) leaves of S. sempervirens that are arranged alternately along the stem. (Carnegie Mellon)

    Faunal associations:




    (1)  Bumble Bee (Bombus impatiens) on goldenrod (Cappaert)
    (2) Sweat bee (Halictus ligatus) (Gallagher)
    (3) Female monarch (Danaus plexippusin May (Harrelson)


    "Solidago sempervirens is well adapted to coastal habitats including the backside of primary dunes, low secondary dunes and edges of salt marshes. It can be found on dunes, beaches, brackish marshes, coastal thickets, margins of estuaries, riparian habitats and in freshwater wetlands. It also occurs in abandoned fields, grasslands, disturbed sites, forest edges and along roadsides (Sheahan, 2014Lonard et al., 2015Sturtevant and Howard, 2018Barkley et al. 2018). In Puerto Rico, it can be found cultivated and naturalized in the mountains (Liogier and Martorell, 2000)." (Rojas-Sandoval)

    Solidago sempervirens growing in a coastal environment. (Plant Image Library)

    Type: Herbaceous perennial
    Family: Asteraceae
    Native Range: Eastern and northeastern United States
    Zone: 3 to 9
    Height: 3.00 to 6.00 feet
    Spread: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
    Bloom Time: September to November
    Bloom Description: Yellow
    Sun: Full sun
    Water: Dry to Medium
    Maintenance: Low
    Suggested Use: Naturalize, Dune restoration, Stormwater management
    Flower: Showy
    Attracts: Butterflies, Birds
    Tolerate: Drought, Salt

    Works Cited
    Cover: By Katja Schulz from Washington, D. C., USA - Seaside Goldenrod, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49988956
    Second Cover: by Hiranya Anderson, 21 October 2018 <https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/27436328>. Public Domain.
    Third Cover: "Solidago sempervirens L. - seaside goldenrod" by Sam Fraser-Smith, 30 July 2009, CC BY 2.0

    Water-color Sketch of Solidago sempervirens by Unknown Artist,  Biodiversity Heritage Library, 1896, Public Domain
    Solidago sempervirens'', Courtesy of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

    Faunal Associations:
    (2) By Judy Gallagher, Own work, CC BY 2.0,<https://flickr.com/photos/
    (3) By Kenneth Dwain Harrelson, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14917505

    Rojas-Sandoval J, 2018. Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod). Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CABI. DOI:10.1079/ISC.117252.20203483207  

    Solidago sempervirens (Seaside Goldenrod) By Plant Image LibraryCC BY-SA 2.0

    Conservation Information Author: Erik N. Vegeto

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