Solidago sempervirens - Seaside Goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens is an herbaceous perennial with dark green foliage and bright yellow flowers. This variety of goldenrod is best in any landscape but shines near the water as it is salt tolerant. The great thing about goldenrods is they are late season bloomers and they are one of the last food sources for bees, bumbles and migrating butterflies. Goldenrods DO NOT cause allergies, you are sneezing because of Ragweed! Go ahead and add it to the garden.
Water-color sketch of Solidago Sempervirens (1896, Biodiversity Heritage Library)
Botanical illustration depicting succulent, lance-like (lanceolate) leaves of S. sempervirens that are arranged alternately along the stem. (Carnegie Mellon)
(1) Bumble Bee (Bombus impatiens) on goldenrod (Cappaert)
(2) Sweat bee (Halictus ligatus) (Gallagher)
(3) Female monarch (Danaus plexippus) in May (Harrelson)
Sheahan, 2014; Lonard et al., 2015; Sturtevant and Howard, 2018; Barkley et al. 2018). In Puerto Rico, it can be found cultivated and naturalized in the mountains (Liogier and Martorell, 2000)." (Rojas-Sandoval)is well adapted to coastal habitats including the backside of primary dunes, low secondary dunes and edges of salt marshes. It can be found on dunes, beaches, brackish marshes, coastal thickets, margins of estuaries, riparian habitats and in freshwater wetlands. It also occurs in abandoned fields, grasslands, disturbed sites, forest edges and along roadsides (
Solidago sempervirens growing in a coastal environment. (Plant Image Library)
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Native Range: Eastern and northeastern United States
Zone: 3 to 9
Height: 3.00 to 6.00 feet
Spread: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Bloom Time: September to November
Bloom Description: Yellow
Sun: Full sun
Water: Dry to Medium
Suggested Use: Naturalize, Dune restoration, Stormwater management
Attracts: Butterflies, Birds
Tolerate: Drought, Salt
Cover: By Katja Schulz from Washington, D. C., USA - Seaside Goldenrod, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49988956
Second Cover: by Hiranya Anderson, 21 October 2018 <https://www.inaturalist.org/photos/27436328>. Public Domain.
Third Cover: "Solidago sempervirens L. - seaside goldenrod" by Sam Fraser-Smith, 30 July 2009, CC BY 2.0
Water-color Sketch of Solidago sempervirens by Unknown Artist, Biodiversity Heritage Library, 1896, Public Domain
Solidago sempervirens'', Courtesy of the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa.
(1) By David Cappaert, Bugwood.org <https://entomologytoday.org/common-eastern-bumble-bee-bombus-impatiens/>
(2) By Judy Gallagher, Own work, CC BY 2.0,<https://flickr.com/photos/>
(3) By Kenneth Dwain Harrelson, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14917505
Rojas-Sandoval J, 2018.(seaside goldenrod). Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CABI. DOI:10.1079/ISC.117252.20203483207
Solidago sempervirens (Seaside Goldenrod) By Plant Image Library, CC BY-SA 2.0
Conservation Information Author: Erik N. Vegeto
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