• Quercus velutina - Black Oak


    "Quercus velutina, commonly called black oak, is a large, deciduous oak of the red oak group that typically grows 50-60’ tall with a globular, spreading crown. This tree is primarily native to upland hills, slopes and ridges from Florida to Texas north to Maine, Ontario, Michigan and Minnesota. It is similar in appearance to red oak (Quercus rubra) with which it may on occasion hybridize. Buds are a significant difference between the two trees (hairless and smaller in red oak). Bark is almost black on mature trunks with deep furrows. Inner bark is yellow to orange. Trunk matures to 3’ in diameter. Leathery, shiny, dark green leaves (to 10” long) have 7-9 deeply incised lobes (each with 1-3 bristle tipped teeth). Leaves turn yellow to yellow-brown to dull red in fall. Terminal buds are covered with a dense, gray pubescence. Insignificant monoecious yellowish-green flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in spring as the leaves emerge. Elliptic acorns (to 3/4” long) have saucer-shaped acorn cups that cover up to 1/2 of the acorn. On mature trees, large crops of acorns usually appear every 2 to 3 years. Acorns are an important food source for wildlife (e.g., deer, squirrels, small rodents, turkeys, grouse, jays and other birds)." (Missouri Botanical Garden)

    1. Copyright Long Island Natives
    By Willow - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2851893
    2. "160529 223 NYBG - Azalea Way, trees include Liquidambar styraciflua, Ulmus americana, Quercus velutina and Carya tomentosa" by cultivar413 is licensed under CC BY 2.0
    3. "Quercus velutina with Phoradendron leucarpum - mostly mid to upper tree branches" by sonnia hill is licensed under CC PDM 1.0
    4. By Katja Schulz from Washington, D. C., USA - Black Oak Leaves, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49954713

    Missouri Botanical Garden plant description: Quercus Velutina - Plant Finder. https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d458. Accessed 9 Feb. 2022.
    Botanical Image: By Mason Brock (Masebrock) - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33582909

    Common Name: black oak
    Type: Tree
    Family: Fagaceae
    Native Range: Eastern United States, southeastern Canada
    Zone: 3 to 9
    Height: 50.00 to 60.00 feet
    Spread: 50.00 to 60.00 feet
    Bloom Time: April to May
    Bloom Description: Yellowish-green
    Sun: Full sun
    Water: Dry to medium
    Maintenance: Low
    Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree
    Flower: Insignificant
    Leaf: Good Fall
    Fruit: Showy
    Tolerate: Black Walnut

    Information and images compiled by Erik N. Vegeto

    Disclaimer Notice:
    Creative Commons will not be liable to You or any party on any legal theory for any damages whatsoever, including without limitation any general, special, incidental or consequential damages arising in connection to this license.