• Pinus strobus


    "Eastern White Pine is an evergreen gymnosperm tree that may grow 50 to 80 feet tall. The tree has 3- to 5-inch slender needles in clusters of 5. The needle clusters are deciduous. The bark is green with some lighter patches in young trees. As the tree ages, the bark turns reddish-brown with prominent finely-scaly, rounded, long ridges and darker furrows. In spring, cylindrical, yellow, male flowers and light green, female flowers mature in clusters. The tree produces a resinous cone.

    "The Eastern White Pine grows naturally in high, dry, sandy and rocky ridges and is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. However, it most prefers full sun, moist, well-drained, fertile sandy loams, and cool, humid climates and full sun. It is intolerant of many air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and ozone, salts, and alkaline soils. 

    "An important timber tree (perhaps more so in the 18th and 19th centuries than now) which was and is valued for its lightweight, straight-grained wood (orange heartwood and white sapwood). This plant is an attractive ornamental landscape tree. It is utilized as a Christmas tree, and exterior in large areas (parks, commercial, estates), hedges, and borders. Cones are sold as tree decorations for models, model railroading, Christmas decorations, however, when placed upright, the "snow" is on the lower side of branches." (North Carolina Extension)

    1. "Pinus strobus" by F. D. Richards is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
    2. "White pine (Pinus strobus) illustration from Traité des Arbres" by Free Public Domain Illustrations by rawpixel is licensed under CC BY 2.0
    3. "Pinus strobus 'Coney Island'" by F. D. Richards is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

    Pinus Strobus (Eastern White Pine, White Pine) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/pinus-strobus/. Accessed 10 Feb. 2022.
    Pinus strobus bark by Nicholas A. Tonelli is licensed under CC BY 4.0

    Common Name: eastern white pine
    Type: Needled evergreen
    Family: Pinaceae
    Native Range: Southeastern Canada, eastern United States
    Zone: 3 to 8
    Height: 50.00 to 80.00 feet
    Spread: 20.00 to 40.00 feet
    Bloom Time: Non-flowering
    Bloom Description: Non-flowering
    Sun: Full sun to part shade
    Water: Medium
    Maintenance: Low
    Leaf: Evergreen
    Attracts: Birds
    Fruit: Showy
    Other: Winter Interest
    Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer

    Information and images compiled by Erik N. Vegeto

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