• Asimina triloba


    "Pawpaw is a deciduous, native, understory tree in the Annonaceae family. Its name is probably a modification of the Spanish papaya. It is native to Canada and the eastern U.S.A. where it grows in deep shade to full sunlight in moist, nutrient-rich forests. It will tolerate occasional wet or moist conditions but prefers good drainage and acidic soil.

    "In spring, 6-petaled, purplish-brown flowers mature. In late summer to early fall, pawpaw produces an edible, sweet-tasting, and custard like fruit measuring 2.5 to 6 inches. Harvesting the fruit can be difficult with competition from ambitious wildlife. It is recommended to wear gloves when harvesting as contact dermatitis has been known to occur.  The leaves turn a yellow color in the fall and provide interest.

    "Pawpaw does well in naturalized, riparian, or woodland areas. It is a flowering tree that attracts butterflies, pollinators, small mammals, and songbirds, which makes pawpaw a good addition to a butterfly, pollinator, or rain garden. Flies and beetles are attracted to the flower of the tree and are beneficial pollinators that contribute to the foul odor of the flower." (North Carolina Extension)

    Botanical illustration (Dunal-Curtis)


    1. "Asimina triloba (Linnaeus, 1753) - pawpaw tree (Dawes Arboretum, Licking County, Ohio, USA)by James St. Johnis licensed under CC BY 2.0
    2. "Pawpaw tree; fruit" By Scott Bauer, USDA - USDA ARS Image Number K7575-8, Public Domain

    North Carolina Extension plant description:   Asimina Triloba (Common Pawpaw, Pawpaw) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/asimina-triloba/. Accessed 10 Feb. 2022.

    Botanical illustration:  "Pawpaw, paw paw. Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal- Curtis's botanical magazine s.3 v.26 (1870)" by Swallowtail Garden Seeds is licensed under CC BY 2.0

         Family: Annonaceae
    Native Range: Southeastern United States
    Zone: 5 to 9
    Height: 15.00 to 30.00 feet
    Spread: 15.00 to 30.00 feet
    Bloom Time: April to May
    Bloom Description: Purple
    Sun: Full sun to part shade
    Water: Medium to wet
    Maintenance: Low
    Suggested Use: Rain Garden
    Flower: Fragrant, Insignificant
    Leaf: Good Fall
    Fruit: Showy, Edible
    Tolerate: Wet Soil